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Bill of Exchange
The terms bill of exchange and draft are used interchangeably, but the former is usually applied to an order to pay money arising out of a foreign transaction, while the latter term is more often reserved for domestic transactions. Technically, moreover, a bill of exchange is always a negotiable instrument, whereas a draft may be nonnegotiable.
A bill of exchange is a three-party instrument in which the first party (drawer) draws an order for the payment of a sum certain on a second party (drawee) for payment to a third party (payee) at a definite future time. According to the Uniform Commercial Code, a bill of exchange is the same as a draft.
A foreign bill of exchange is drawn in one country upon a person in another country not governed by the same laws. A bill of exchange drawn in one state upon a person residing in another state is considered a foreign bill.
Bill of Exchange
To: XYZ Corporation
/S/ Charles W. Waters
Types of drafts include:
acceptance in which a seller of goods extends credit to a purchaser by
drawing a draft on the purchaser directing him or her to pay the seller
a sum of money on a specified date.
acceptances require the signature of the buyer on the face of the instrument.
seller can usually discount the instrument and receive cash.
seller is usually both the drawer and the payee.
acceptance is a draft in which the drawee and the drawer are a bank.
draft is payable upon presentation to the drawer.
draft is payable at a specified date or payable a certain period of time
after a specified date.
order is a draft purchased by one party to pay payee in which the third
party is usually the post office, a bank, or a company.
is a draft that is payable on demand and the drawee is a bank.