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Detailed overview - Risk free capital accumulation 
by the means of participation in a bank debenture forfaiting program, profit funding (deposit) loan transaction or Private Placement. 


In the United Sates of America the supply of money or credit regulated by the Federal Reserve, an independent body which came in to existence by an act of congress in 1913, and in part by means of the recognition and authorization granted by de International Chamber of Commerce and certain key International Money Center Banks. Money Center Banks comprise the top 250 banks worldwide, as ranked by net assets, long term stability and sound management. The Money Center Banks are also referred to a the top 100 or fewer (as for example the Fortune 500 or Fortune 100) and are authorized to issue blocks (aggregate amounts) of Bank Debenture instruments such as Bank Purchase Orders (BPO's), Medium Term Debentures (MTDs) such as Promissory Bank Notes (PBNs Zero Coupon Bonds (Zero's), Documentary Letters of Credit (DLCs), Stand By Letters of Credit (SLC's) or Bank Debenture Instruments (BDI's) issued under the International Chamber Of Commerce (not to be confused with your local Chamber Of Commerce) is the worldwide regulatory body for the International banking community, and sets the policies which governs the activities and procedures of all banks conducting business at international levels.

Capital accumulation by banks of Bank Debenture Trading (Forfaiting) programs 
(Reference ICC No. 500 revised 1995)

Authority to issue a given allotment of the above described banking instruments: over and above those regularly employed as an accommodation to customers regularly engaged in international trade: is issued quarterly for each issuing bank, according to the Federal Reserve's or Central Bank's review of each bank's portfolio. The prices of these instruments are quoted as a percentage of the face amount of the instrument, with the initial market price being established when first issued. Thereafter, as they are resold to other banks they are sold at escalating higher prices, thus realizing a profit on each transaction, which can take as little as one day to complete.

As these instruments are bought and sold within the banking community the trading cycles generally move to the higher level banks to the lower (smaller) banks. Often they move through as many as seven or eight trading cycles, until they are eventually sold to a previously contracted retail customer or "Exit Buyer" such as a pension fund, trust fund, foundation, insurance company, etc., that is seeking a conservative, reasonable yield instrument in which they "park" or invest, for a certain period of time, the larger sums of cash they regularly hold.

By the time these instruments ultimately reach the "retail" or secondary market level they are of course selling at substantially higher prices than when originally issued. For example, while the original issuing bank might sell a "Zero" at 82 1/2% of its face value, by the time the "Zero" finally reaches the "Retail/exit" buyer it can sell for 93% of it's face value. Since these transactions are intended for use by large financial institutions, they are denominated in face amounts commonly ranging from US $10 million, and up. For currencies other than US Dollars, usually Swiss Francs or German Marks, the Central Bank or other regulatory authority corresponding to the Federal Reserve of the country issuing the currency, uses similar procedures to control the availability of cash and credit in their own particular currencies.

There has been a lot of interest expressed by persons seeking to learn more about risk free Capital Accumulation, by participating in a FORFAITING Program. Essentially we are discussing a Money Center Bank instrument or Bank Debenture Purchase and Resale Program, in which these monetary securities are bought at a beneficial lower price and then sold in the money markets, at a higher price, before, a transaction is committed to the traders, they always ensure that they have a guaranteed EXIT SALE. (another party willing to purchase the bank debentures at an agreed higher price, at the conclusion of a number of trading cycles). If no Exit Sale is available and agreed to before the transaction starts, then no program will take place as the trader must always protect his position, and that of his clients. This is of course is the ultimate safety factor for the client.

This type of transaction is known as a FORFAITING PROGRAM, and is often referred to by insiders as a "trading program", because once a program is started it will normally move through several cycles, accumulating profits at each trading cycle.

The process is made possible because the trader commits to the purchase of many millions of dollars in either Bank Purchase Orders (BPO) or Medium Term Notes (MTN's), at a substantial discount off the face value of the securities. Sight Draft Letters Of Credit are pledged to secure the transaction and the discounted price of the bank instruments or bank debentures made available to the trader by the issuing Money Center Bank might for example, the as low a eighty cents on the dollar or less, depending upon market rates at any given time.

The first transaction might have some other trader willing to pay eighty three cents for the short term use of the funds, which revert back to the first trader often in a matter of hours. Each trading cycle earns profits at a few cents on the dollar, but the transactions are in the millions of dollars, and when one considers the probability of four, five or more trading cycles per month, then it is not difficult to realize the profitability of this type of transaction.

The internal trading of these banking instruments is a privileged and highly lucrative profit source for participating banks, and as a result, these opportunities are not generally shared with even their very wealthiest clients. It would the difficult, at best to entice investors to purchase Certificates of Deposit yielding 2.5% to 6% if they were aware of the availability of other profit opportunities from the same institution, which are yielding much higher rates of return. 

One needs to have the appropriate banking connections and relationships to control the transactions from the beginning to end.

For this purpose it is not uncommon to have:

  • A purchasing bank which represents the buyer (trader) on the purchasing side of the transaction and which is also acting as the "holding Bank"

  • A Fiduciary, or "Pass Through Bank"

  • An Issuing or "Selling Bank".

In this manner each bank is knowledgeable only with regards to its portion of the overall transaction, and receives a nominal, and reasonable fee for its services, from its respective clients. Further complicating the strucEagleTraders.comg of profit-oriented programs involving the instruments is the differing tax and banking rules and regulations in various jurisdictions around the world . For example, in those jurisdictions where regulations may not permit banks to directly purchase these instruments from other institutions, or conversely where profitability may the actually enhanced through tax incentives, "Profit Funding (Deposit Loan) Programs collateralized by bank instruments, have been developed to structure these transactions as loans, rather than simple "Buy and Sell" transactions. For example, in Germany, where progressive tax rates mitigate against high interest rates, the concept of an Emission Rate lower than the face value of the loan has been widely used to further enhance a lenders profit Suffice it to say that a wide range of methods have been developed to maximize the net after-tax profit for all parties involved in such yields.

The key to safety and profits

As is quite evident from the forgoing, the key to profitability of these Bank Instruments lies in having the contacts, initial resources, and where with all to purchase them at the level comparable to the issuing bank, and thus receive the maximum discount while also having the necessary resources and contacts to negotiate the instruments to the most profitable level of the retail or secondary markets. As one might imagine, those contacts are most zealously guarded by those traders regularly and commercially involved with these instruments. As a result, the real secret of successful participation lies in not the how, why and wherefore of these transactions, but and more importantly, in knowing and developing a strong working relationship with the "Insiders", the principals, bankers, lawyers, brokers, and other specialized professionals whom can combine their skills and run these resources into lawful, secure and responsible programs with the maximum potential for safe gain.

As a result of years of successful associated business, our principals have established personal contacts, and sources of information which can provide current, reliable information regarding:

The constantly changing availability of Money Center Bank Instruments from the original issuers. The sources of information which can provide timely and reliable information regarding the ever changing customers, in the "retail or secondary markets". The ability to ensure the all- important exit sale.

Armed with this information and the financial capacity to control a purchase and resale of these instruments, a window of opportunity is thus made available to circumvent needless intermediaries, and to profit from the enhanced "spread" between the issuing price and the final retail price.

"Too good to be true"

From time to time a potential American or Canadian Investor, when first presented with the opportunity to participate in a Western European Capital Accumulation Program or Loan Deposit Transaction may be very skeptical about the existence and authenticity of such programs. This is quite understandable, but it invariably means that the potential investor is:

  • Not familiar with the profit opportunities that qualified European Investors have enjoyed for the past 50 years.

  • Not at all familiar with the type of program proposed, and not able to ask the right questions.

  • Thinking he is being offered something for nothing, which as we all know is absolutely impossible.

  • Saying to himself. "If this is such a good deal why don't the Europeans keep it to themselves, why do they invite me to participate"!

  • Not really understanding the procedures involved, and the important safeguards which are in place to protect his invested capital at all times, against loss.

  • And last, but not least, the potential investor has all to often not taken the time to read and understand the very comprehensive literature provided and as a result may rush to the wrong conclusion and lose an important opportunity.

The U.S. Federal Reserve, is a very important member, but unlike most other central banks, operates independently of the ICC, and as a result the vast majority of U.S. citizens have not been made aware of the money making opportunities already available for fifty years to qualified European Investors through ICC-affiliated banks. However, it should the pointed out that a few major U.S. banks do participate from within their banking operations based in Switzerland and the Cayman island, but they do not normally make their programs available to Americans living in the United States, and the chances are very great that your local branch manager has absolutely no knowledge of them, and may even deny their existence.

Only the worlds most powerful and stable Money Center Banks take part in these programs. At the end of each year, commencing on December 15th, the West European Money Center Banks engaged in FORFAITING and Deposit-Loan transactions close their counters to new transactions, and make commitments as to the types of programs and the amount of money that they will commit to those programs for the coming years. The first consideration for any participating-banking always:

  • The preservation of the Investor's capital as the primary and overriding responsibility.

  • Well secured and managed investment programs, with the potential for high returns to the participating investors.

  • The constant maintenance of the client's confidentiality and trust against any and all unwarranted intrusion from any unwelcome source.

  • The ongoing fiscal stability and ethical integrity of the European banking structure. No runaway speculation in stocks or real estate, no inflationary fiat paper money supplies printed by an irresponsible debt-ridden government, and no politically inspired tinkering leading to savings and loan and banking collapses, or economic crashes, so as to endanger the overall investment and business environment, and the life savings of private investors.

Once the banks have defined the programs for the coming year they are made available to qualified individuals through principals. 

Programs are open only for as long as it takes them to become fully subscribed. Once the committed funds are exhausted then the program closes, and will not the re-opened that year. Each program comes with it's own parameters and requirements, and will not the changed, nor subject to alternate proposals by potential investors. In every transaction your funds are secured by Money Center Bank Guarantees. A Money Center Bank Guarantee is a collateral document, issued by the major West European Bank that is underwriting the transaction. This document absolutely and irrevocably protects the safety of your capital while it is taking part in a capital accumulation program, or FORFAITING transaction.

This information is not a solicitation or offer of any kind.

Recommended further reading:
Introduction to Institutional Trading
An Introduction to Bank Debenture Trading Programs
Bank Promissory Notes, Bank Debentures, Medium Term Notes and High Yield Investment Programs
The international bank debenture trading
High yield investment: Bank debentures trading program
Understanding Financial Markets & Instruments
Books on Financial Instruments